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Instructor, MSc of Nursing and Midwifery faculty, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran , rozitacheraghi@gmail.com
Abstract:   (3388 Views)
Background & Aims: Drug addiction and dependence is a chronic and recurrent disorder that has profound social, psychological, physical and economic effects that imposes heavy costs on individuals, families and communities as well as degrades personality. Drug addiction is the most widespread concern and preventable health risk in Iran.
Most of resources in Iran are reported from developed researches and theories of foreign researchers and no comprehensive effort has been done in order to evaluate psychological dimensions of drug users in Iran and Urmia society.
Materials & methods: In this study, 400 drug addicts referring to addiction centers of Urmia were studied. Variables of this study include demographic factors and data collection method includes interview and completing questionnaire. Subjects were surveyed by Symptom Checklist- 90-Revised (SCL90R) standard psychiatric questionnaire and researcher made demographic questionnaire in order to investigate psychological problems. Appearance and content validity of researcher made demographic questionnaire were approved by faculty members in terms of factors affecting tendency towards drugs and were obtained through completing questionnaires by some addicts referring to centers; inter reliability was obtained after analyzing odd and even questions. Interviewers were from employees of forensics and faculty members of Urmia University of Medical Sciences. Finally data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics by Spss16.
Results: Result showed that the most common psychological problems in 9 dimensions were respectively included: severe depression, severe anxiety, severe hypochondriasis, obsession-compulsion, extreme interpersonal sensitivity, extreme aggression, severe paranoid, severe phobia and severe psychosis.
Conclusion: The results of such studies can provide basic benefits and valuable information to health care experts in order to raise awareness about factors underlying drug addiction, mental conditions of addicts and affect positively the effectiveness of treatments by preventive measures.

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Type of Study: orginal article | Subject: General

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