Volume 6, Issue 3 (July 2020)                   RABMS 2020, 6(3): 134-143 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Porsesh M, Habibi A, Solimani S. A comparative study on the effect of a resistance training period with and without vascular occlusion hand on changes in fibrinogen, lipids, and lipoproteins in young girls. RABMS. 2020; 6 (3) :134-143
URL: http://ijrabms.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-114-en.html
PhD Student of Exercise Physiology, Department of Sport Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Shahid chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz,Iran , mahsaporsesh8855@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1347 Views)
Background & Aims:  Disorders of lipid profile and inflammatory markers are the most important factors that cause cardiovascular disease. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the effect of a six-week resistance training with and without vascular occlusion on changes in fibrinogen, lipids, and lipoprotein levels in young girls.
Materials & Methods: A total of 36 female students of physical education with an average age of 20.51 ±1.39 years and BMI of 23.32 ± 2.79 kg/m2 were divided into three groups: resistance training without occlusion (exercise at 75% of one-repetition maximum or 1 RM), resistance training with vascular occlusion (exercise at 30% of 1 RM with a fastening tourniquet around the proximal arm), and a control group. Both training exercise groups performed a six-week training program consisting of three sessions per week. Then, creatine kinase (CK) levels, lipid profiles, and blood fibrinogen were measured by photometric, enzymatic, and ELISA methods, respectively.
Results: After six weeks of resistance training, CK levels were significantly different in both training groups (p < 0.05). Fibrinogen (FIB), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C), and cholesterol (COL) decreased significantly in both treatment groups compared to control group, but these changes were not statistically significant between the three groups (p > 0.05).
Conclusion: In our research, resistance training could probably improve cardiovascular health and metabolic states to change the fat as a kind of prevention against such diseases, hence, promotion of women's health should be taken into account.
Full-Text [PDF 459 kb]   (1016 Downloads)    
Type of Study: orginal article | Subject: Special

References
1. Lobo RA, Kelsey J, Marcus R. Menopaus biology and pathology. 1st Ed. Durham: Academic Press; 2000. [Google Book]
2. Carter JB, Banister EW, Blaber AP. Effect of endurance exercise on autonomic control of heart rate. Sports Med 2003;33(1):33-46. [DOI:10.2165/00007256-200333010-00003] [PMID]
3. Elsayed MS, Lin X, Rattu AJ. Blood coagulation and fibrinolysis at rest and in response to maximal exercise before and after a physical conditioning programme. Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis 1995; 6:747-52. [DOI:10.1097/00001721-199512000-00009] [PMID]
4. Bizheh N, Jaafari M. The effect of a single bout circuit resistance exercise on homocysteine, hs-CRP and fibrinogen in sedentary middle aged men. Iran J Basic Med Sci 2011; 14:568-73. (Persian). [pubmed]
5. Okura T, Rankinen T, Gagnon G, Cacan S, Davignon J, Leon A. Effects of regular exercise on homocysteine concentrations the heritage family study. J Appl Phys 2006;98:394-401. [DOI:10.1007/s00421-006-0294-6] [PMID]
6. Ahmadizad S, EI-Sayed MS. The acute effects of resistance exercise on the main determinants of blood rheology. J Sports Sci 2005; 23(3): 243.-9. [DOI:10.1080/02640410410001730151] [PMID]
7. Yarnell J, McCrum E. Association of European population levels of thrombotic and inflammatory factors with risk of coronary heart disease: The Monica Optional Haemostasis study. Eur Heart J 2005; 26(4) 332-42. [pubmed]
8. Soori R, Naghizadeh Baghi A, Dehghan MH, Nemati A, Torbati F, Sheikholeslami VD ,et al. The effects of different times interval of physical activity in diverse nutritional status on cardio-vascular risk factors in high risk middle aged women. Res J Biol Sci2007; :(3)2256 -62. [google scholar]
9. Giffen PS, Turton J, Andrews CM. markers of experimental acute inflammation the wister Han rat with particular reference to haptoglobin and c- reactive protein. Arch Toxicol 2003;77(7):392-402. [DOI:10.1007/s00204-003-0458-7] [PMID]
10. Skoumas J, Pitsavos C, Panagiotakos DB. Physical activity, high density lipoprotein cholesterol and other lipid levels , in men and women from the ATTCA study. Lipids Health Dis 2003; 2(3):1560-8 [DOI:10.1186/1476-511X-2-3] [PMID] [PMCID]
11. Mari D, Ogliari G, Castaldi D, Vitale G, Bollini EM, Lio D. Hemostasis and ageing. Immun Ageing 2008;5: 12. [DOI:10.1186/1742-4933-5-12] [PMID] [PMCID]
12. O'Donovan G, Owen A, Bird SR, Kearney EM, Nevill AM, Jones DW. Changes in cardiorespiratory fitness and coronary heart disease risk factors following 24 wk of moderate-or high-intensity exercise of equal energy cost. J Appl Physiol (1985) 2005; 98(5):1619-25. [DOI:10.1152/japplphysiol.01310.2004] [PMID]
13. Pronk NP, Crouse SF, O'Brien BC, Rohack JJ. Acute effects of walking on serum lipids and lipoproteins in women. J Sport Med Phys Fit 1995; 35:50-8. [PubMed]
14. Meyer G, Gabriel HH, Rätz M, Müller HJ, Kindermann W. Anaerobic exercise induces moderate acute phase response. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2001; 33(4):549-55. [DOI:10.1097/00005768-200104000-00007] [PMID]
15. Ernest E, Koenig W, Lowe GDO, Meade TW. eds. Fibrinogen, A "NEW" Cardiovascular Risk Factor. Oxford: Blackwell; 1992. P. 434-4399.
16. urukawa F, Kazuma K, Kojima M, Kusukawa R. Effects of an off-Site walking program on fibrinogen and exercise energy expenditure in women. Asian Nurs Res 2008; 2(1):35-44. [DOI:10.1016/S1976-1317(08)60027-4]
17. Hansson G K. Inflammation٬ atherosclerosis٬ and coronary artery disease. N Engl J Med 2005; 352: 1685-95. [DOI:10.1056/NEJMra043430] [PMID]
18. William E, Kraus MD, Joseh A, Houmard Braind. Effect of omount and intensity of exercise on plasma lipoproteins. N Engl J Med 2002; 347:1483-92. [DOI:10.1056/NEJMoa020194] [PMID]
19. Meade TW, Mellows S, Brozovic M, Miller GJ, Chakrabarti RR, North WR, et al. Haemostatic function and ischaemic heart disease: principal results of the Northwick Park Heart Study. Lancet1986; 2:553-7. [PubMed]
20. Ghafari GH, Bolboli L, Rajabi S, Mocheshi S. The effect of 8 weeks aerobic training on inflammatory markers predictive of atherosclerosis and lipid profile in obese older women. J Ilam Univ Med Sci 2016; 23(7): 144-54. (Persian) [Sid]
21. Swain DP, Franklin BA. Comparison of cardioprotective benefits of vigorous versus moderate intensity aerobic exercise. Am J Cardio 2006; 97:141-7. [DOI:10.1016/j.amjcard.2005.07.130] [PMID]
22. O'Donovan G, Owen A, Bird SR, Kearney EM, Nevill AM, Jones DW. Changes in cardiorespiratory fitness and coronary heart disease risk factors following 24 wk of moderate-or high-intensity exercise of equal energy cost. J Appl Physiol 2005; 98; 1619-25. [DOI:10.1152/japplphysiol.01310.2004] [PMID]
23. Ridker PM, Cushman M, Stampfer MJ, Tracy RP, Hennekens CH. Plasma concentration of C- reative protein and risk of developing peripheral vascular Disease. Circulation 1998; 97(5):425-8. [DOI:10.1161/01.CIR.97.5.425] [PMID]
24. Porsesh M, Habibi AH, Ahnadi Barati S, Fatemi Tabatabaei R. Compare the effect of 6 weeks resistance training with and without vascular occlusion, on serum levels of crp and ldh in active girls. J Shahid Sadoughi Univ Med Sci 2016; 24(9):706-15.
25. -Rankinen T, Vaisanen S, Penttila I, Rauramaa R. Acute dynamic exercise increases fibrinolytic activity. Thromb Haemost 1995; 73(2):281-6. [DOI:10.1055/s-0038-1653765] [PMID]
26. Kamath S, Lip GY. Fibrinogen: biochemistry, epidemiology and determinants. QJM 2003 ;96(10):711-29 [DOI:10.1093/qjmed/hcg129] [PMID]
27. Fontaine KR, Redden DT, Wang C, Westfall AO, Allison DB. Years of life lost due to obesity. JAMA 2003; 289: 187-93. [DOI:10.1001/jama.289.2.187] [PMID]
28. Habibiyan M, Mosavi J, Tojari F, Mosavi Gilani R. Comparison of the effects of aerobic and resistance training session on healthy girls of coagulation factors. 2009; 12(4): 33-37. (Persian).
29. Dufax B, Assmann G, Holmann W. Plasma lipoproteins and physical activity. A review. Int J Sports Med 1982; 3: 123-6. [DOI:10.1055/s-2008-1026075] [PMID]
30. LeMura L, Duvillard A, Andreacci J. Lipid and lipoprotein profiles, cardiovascular fitness, body composition, and diet during and after resistance, aerobic and compination training in young women. Eur J Appl Physiol 2000; 82: 451-8. [DOI:10.1007/s004210000234] [PMID]
31. Haghighi A, Balvi A, Hamedinia M, Askari R. Effects of aerobic training with different intensities on some cardiovascular risk factors in young girls. Journal of Sport Biosciences 2012; 4(13): 63-84. (Persian). [google scholar]
32. Jin W, Marchadier D,Rader D. Lipases and HDL metabolism.Trends Endocrinol Metab 2002; 13; :174-8. [DOI:10.1016/S1043-2760(02)00589-1]
33. Katzmarzyk PT, Leon AS, Rankinen T, Gagnon J, Skinner JS, Wilmore JH. Changes in blood lipids consequent to aerobic exercise training related to changes in body fatness and aerobic fitness. Metabolism 2001; 50(7):841-8. [DOI:10.1053/meta.2001.24190] [PMID]
34. Durstine JL, Grandjean PW, Davis PG, Ferguson MA, Alderson NL, DuBose KD. Blood lipid and lipoprotein adaptations to exercise; a quantitative anaylsis .Sports Med 2001; 31(15):1033-62. [DOI:10.2165/00007256-200131150-00002] [PMID]
35. Kodama S, Tanaka S,Saito K, Shu M,Sone Y, Onitake F. Effect of aerobic exercise training on serum levels of high-density lipoprotein choldesterol: A meta-analysis. Arch Intern Med 2007; 167(10):999-1008. [DOI:10.1001/archinte.167.10.999] [PMID]
36. Kamath S, Lip GY. Fibrinogen: biochemistry, epidemiology and determinants. QJM 2003;96(10):711-29. [DOI:10.1093/qjmed/hcg129] [PMID]
37. Akbarnejad A, Sori R, Bigdeli M, Siah M. Compare the effects of continuous and intermittent exercise on inflammatory markers in obese General Young Women. Journal of Sport Biosciences 2013; 5(4): 21-33. (Persian).
38. Sheikholeslami VD, Ahmadi S, Mojtahedi H, Marandi M, Ahmadi DK, Faraji H, et al. Effect of moderate and high intensity resistant exercises on cardiovascular risk factors in non-athlete university students. Kowsar Med Journal 2011; 2(16): 115-21. (Persian).
39. Wander K, Brindle E, O'Connor KA. C-Reactive protein across the menstrual cycle. Am J Phys Anthropol 2008; 136:138- 46. [DOI:10.1002/ajpa.20785] [PMID]
40. Duocan Rb, Schmidt MI, Chambles LE, Folsom AR, Charpenter M, Heiss G. Fibrinogen, other putative markers of inflammation and weight gain in middle-aged ARIC study. Obes Res 2000; 8 (4): 279-86. [DOI:10.1038/oby.2000.33] [PMID]
41. Ebrahim KH, Rahmaninia F, Taheri H. Comparison of two types of aerobic activity a meeting on the changes HDL-C, LDL-C Fat under the skin and non-athlete male students of Guilan University. 2001; 8: 103-17. (Persian).
42. van Loon LJ. Use of intramuscular triacylglycerol as a substrate source during exercise in humans. J Appl Physiol (1985) 2004; 97 (4): 1170-87. [DOI:10.1152/japplphysiol.00368.2004] [PMID]
43. Brancaccio P, Limongelli M, Maffulli N. Monitoring of serum enzymes in sport. Br J Sports Med 2006; 40(2):96-97. [DOI:10.1136/bjsm.2005.020719] [PMID] [PMCID]
44. McPherson R, Pincus M. Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 22nd Ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company; 2011.
45. Brancaccio P, Maffulli N, Limongelli FM. Creatine kinase monitoring in sport medicine. Br Med Bull 2007; 81-82 (1): 209-30. [DOI:10.1093/bmb/ldm014] [PMID]
46. Shamsoddini A, Sobhani V, Chehreh MEG, Alavian SM, Zaree A. Effect of aerobic and resistance exercise training on liver enzymes and hepatic fat in Iranian Men With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. Hepat Mont 2015; 15:1-10. [DOI:10.5812/hepatmon.31434] [PMID] [PMCID]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Research in Applied and Basic Medical Sciences

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb