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Palaniappan G, Sathappan S, Veeraraghavalu A. Surgical importance of using musculo-aponeurotic landmarks as a guide to identify the radial nerve in posterior approach for humeral fractures a cadaveric study in a south indian population. Journal of Research in Applied and Basic Medical Sciences 2022; 8 (3) :150-160
URL: http://ijrabms.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-194-en.html
Assistant professor in Orthopaedics, K.A.P.V Government Medical College, Tiruchirappalli, Tamilnadu, India , siva.soundaram@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1108 Views)
Background & Aims:  Long course of the radial nerve and its proximity to the humerus makes Radial Nerve (RN) prone to injury in diaphyseal fractures. In an effort to maintain its integrity, soft tissue landmarks can be readily made use of to provide facile nerve identification, as osseous landmarks might get altered in fractures. The aim of this study was to provide an idea of safe zone for securing radial nerve in relation to soft tissue structures and thereby, preventing the concomitant iatrogenic injury.
Materials & Methods:  40 Upper limb specimens from 20 cadavers were dissected. The radial nerve was identified proximal to the apex of Tricipital aponeurosis (TA) in posterior arm, at the level of entry into the lateral inter muscular septum and along the lateral border of TA. The mean distance between the radial nerve and aponeurosis was measured at all the three sites to find the safe zone for securing the radial nerve during surgeries.
Results:  The radial nerve was found proximally from the medial apex of tricipital aponeurosis at a distance of 43.49 ± 6.67 mm (range 30.34-55.72 mm) within the muscle belly of triceps. The minimal permissible distance for the triceps split was 3.03 cm from the medial apex for both right and left arms. The distance of above 15 mm (range from 15.56 to 47.47mm) from the lateral border of tricipital aponeurosis was considered as a safe zone and no branches of the radial nerve were found in this zone. Radial nerve was identified along its course in the range of 15.56 to 47.47 mm from the lateral border of TA and this should be taken into consideration by the operating surgeon.
Conclusion:  The Tricipital aponeurosis is a useful soft tissue landmark to secure the radial nerve safely throughout its course in the arm. Knowledge of safe and dangerous zones of the radial nerve would help the orthopedic surgeons to avoid the risk of iatrogenic nerve injury, which is not an uncommon phenomenon.
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Type of Study: orginal article | Subject: Special

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