Volume 8, Issue 4 (11-2022)                   RABMS 2022, 8(4): 204-210 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Shamsheer S, Ramesh babu G, Poojitha D. Clinico-Etiological Study of Hoarseness of Voice of the Patients Attending to Otolaryngology Department of Teaching Hospital. RABMS 2022; 8 (4) :204-210
URL: http://ijrabms.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-203-en.html
Assistant Professor, Department of ENT and Head and Neck Surgery, Narayana Medical College, Nellore, AP, India , dr.shamsheer.sk@gmail.com
Abstract:   (162 Views)
Background & Aims:  The etiology of hoarseness of voice ranges from benign to malignant disease and should not be avoided. To treat the underlying pathology, proper knowledge and clinicopathological profile of hoarseness of voice are required. This study was conducted at a tertiary care teaching institute to identify clinical and etiological risk factors for voice hoarseness.
Materials & Methods:  This retrospective study was conducted on 255 patients who had complained of hoarseness of voice for more than 15 days. All demographics, clinical history, pre-and postoperative video-laryngoscopic, and histopathology data were collected for 5 years.
Results:  Hoarseness of voice occurred in 0.46% of total attendees. The majority of patients (49.8%) were between the ages of 41 and 60 years, and 64.7% were men. Laborers and farmers were the most affected (21.56%). Smoking was observed in 20.4% of the patients, and tobacco chewing was observed in 17.65% of them. Palsy (6.27%), abductor palsy (3.13%), sulcus (3.13%), and papilloma were the most common causes of hoarseness (1.97%). The nonvocal/nonprofessional group was the single largest group (74.11%). 25.5% of hoarseness cases were caused by functional voice disorders.
Conclusion:  If hoarseness lasts more than 15 days, a referral to a voice specialist is recommended. Because etiological data varies by geographical area, each case should be thoroughly evaluated to ensure early diagnosis of underlying pathology and accurate treatment. The identification of the role of addictions such as smoking, tobacco chewing, and alcohol highlight the need to warn the public about the consequences such as cancer.
 
Full-Text [PDF 329 kb]   (79 Downloads)    
Type of Study: orginal article | Subject: General

References
1. Soni S, Chouksey S. A study of clinicopathological profile of patients of hoarseness of voice presenting to tertiary care hospital. Int J Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2017;69(2):244-7. [DOI:10.1007/s12070-017-1112-7] [PMID] [PMCID]
2. Davidson EM. Clinicalmanual of otolaryngology. 2. New York: McGraw -Hill; 1992.
3. Rossi-Barbosa LA, Barbosa MR, Morais RM, de Sousa KF, Silveira MF, Gama AC, Caldeira AP. Self-reported acute and chronic voice disorders in teachers. J Voice 2016 ;30(6):755-25. [DOI:10.1016/j.jvoice.2015.08.003] [PMID]
4. Shrestha BL, Amatya RC, Sekhar KC, Shrestha I, Pokharel M. Aetiological factors of hoarseness in patients attending at Kathmandu University Hospital. Bangladesh J Entomol 2013;19(1):14-7. [DOI:10.3329/bjo.v19i1.11877]
5. Singh R, Prinja S. A Clinicopathological Study of Patients with Organic Dysphonia. Int J Contemp Med Res 2016;3(9):2597-600. [Google Scholar]
6. Gupta MK, Gupta R. The study of cases of hoarseness of voice of north India region. J Otorhinolaryngol Allied Sci 2021;4(2):50-3. [DOI:10.18231/j.ijoas.2021.011]
7. Gajendra D, Tirkey A. Clinicopathological Evaluation of the Patients with Hoarseness of Voice. J Med Dent Sci 2020;9(8):524-7. [DOI:10.14260/jemds/2020/118]
8. Mathew AS, Sridhar A. Etiological spectrum for dysphonia in a rural Indian treatment seeking population. Int J Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018;4(6):1479. [DOI:10.18203/issn.2454-5929.ijohns20184363]
9. Rao SV, Sharma VS, Subba Rao MV, Keerthi GS, Deta SI, Seepana PT. Etiopathology of hoarseness of voice: a clinical study. Int J Phonosurg Laryngol 2016 ;6(02):64-7. [DOI:10.5005/jp-journals-10023-1124]
10. Sambu Baitha, Raizada RM, Kennedy Singh AK, Puttewar MP, Chaturvedi VN. Clinical profile of Hoarsens of voice. Int J Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2002;54(1):14-18. [DOI:10.1007/BF02910998] [PMID] [PMCID]
11. Prabhu S Khavasi. Aetiopathological Study of Hoarseness of Voice. A thesis submitted for Mater of Surgery (Otorhinolaryngology) Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka 2005.
12. Parikh NP. Aetiological study of 100 cases of hoarseness of voice. Indian J Otolaryngology 1991;43(2):71-3. [DOI:10.1007/BF02992547]
13. Deshmukh. Clinical study of hoarseness of voice: A thesis submitted for Master of Surgery (Otorhinolaryngology), Gujarat University 1976.
14. Kadambari Batra, Gul Motwani, PC Sagar. Functional voice disorders and their occurrence in 100 patients of hoarseness as seen on fibreoptic laryngoscopy. Int J Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2004;56(2):91-95. [DOI:10.1007/BF02974305] [PMID] [PMCID]
15. Pal KS, et al. Etiopathological study of 100 patients of hoarseness of voice: in a rural based hospital. J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2014;66(1):40-45. [DOI:10.1007/s12070-013-0660-8] [PMID] [PMCID]
16. Boominathan P, Rajendran A, Nagarajan R, Jayshree S, Muthukumaran G. Vocal abuse and vocal hygiene practices among different level professional voice users in India: A survey. Asia Pac J Speech Lang Hear 2008;11(1):47-53 [DOI:10.1179/136132808805297322]
17. Banjara H, Mungutwar V, Singh D, Gupta A. Hoarseness of voice: a retrospective study of 251 cases. Int J Phonosurg Larungol 2011;1(1):21-27. [DOI:10.5005/jp-journals-10023-1006]
18. Stinnett S, Chmielewska M, Akst LM. Update on management of hoarseness. Med Clin 2018;102(6):1027-40. [DOI:10.1016/j.mcna.2018.06.005] [PMID]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2023 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Research in Applied and Basic Medical Sciences

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb